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井下装载机出现发动机磨损严重的原因

来源:http://www.kuangjingjixie.com/ 发布时间:2022-05-30 浏览次数:200

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井下装载机的使用环境相对恶劣,因此,在长时间的使用后就会引发各种各样的问题,特别是对装载机起着决定性作用的发动机。井下装载机的发动机早期磨损是指发动机机在较短的使用时间内,由于主要运动副的磨损,使柴油机功率大幅度下降,油耗上升,以致使柴油机不能继续工作的现象,柴油机早期磨损主要有以下原因:
The operating environment of the underground loader is relatively bad. Therefore, after a long time of use, it will cause a variety of problems, especially the engine which plays a decisive role in the loader. The early wear of the engine of the underground loader refers to the phenomenon that the power of the diesel engine is greatly reduced and the fuel consumption is increased due to the wear of the main moving pairs of the engine in a short service time, so that the diesel engine can not continue to work. The early wear of the diesel engine mainly has the following reasons:
①新机不经过磨合就大负荷运行。冷车起动后,应在小油门状态下暖车3~5分钟才能起步行车,起初运行时,应小负荷工作一段时间,待温度升高后再大负荷作业。
① The new machine runs at a large load without running in. After the cold start, the vehicle shall be warmed up for 3 ~ 5 minutes under the condition of low throttle before starting. During the initial operation, the vehicle shall work under low load for a period of time, and then work under high load after the temperature rises.
②空气滤清器失效。
② Air filter failure.
③使用保养不当,机油质量差。
③ Improper use and maintenance, poor oil quality.
④燃烧不良,使气缸积炭过多。发动机刚起动后,机器温度低,柴油燃烧不完全。此时,若加大油门,增加供油量,多余的没燃烧柴油就会形成积炭,使发动机排放加剧。此外,多余的柴油还可能沿气缸壁流入曲轴箱,影响气缸壁润滑,并会稀释油底壳的机油,降低润滑性能,减少发动机的使用寿命。  对于装有废气涡轮增压器的发动机,更应注意暖车。  如果起动后立即加大油门,涡轮的转速升高,而机油来不及到达各润滑部位表面,形不成良好润滑,很容易产生涡轮转轴卡死的现象,造成故障。
④ Poor combustion causes excessive carbon deposition in the cylinder. After the engine has just started, the temperature of the machine is low and the diesel combustion is incomplete. At this time, if the throttle is increased and the fuel supply is increased, the excess unburned diesel will form carbon deposits, which will aggravate the engine emissions. In addition, excess diesel may flow into the crankcase along the cylinder wall, affecting the lubrication of the cylinder wall, diluting the oil in the oil pan, reducing the lubrication performance and reducing the service life of the engine. For engines equipped with exhaust turbocharger, pay more attention to warming up. If you immediately increase the throttle after starting, the speed of the turbine will increase, and the oil will not reach the surface of each lubricating part before it can form a good lubrication, which is easy to cause the turbine shaft to be stuck and cause faults.
本文的精彩内容由井下装载机提供知识提供,本网站还有很多的精彩内容,更多的内容您可以点击进入:http://www.kuangjingjixie.com我们有专门的客服为您解答问题
The wonderful contents of this article are provided by the knowledge provided by the underground loader. There are many wonderful contents on this website. You can click to enter more contents: http://www.kuangjingjixie.com We have special customer service to answer your questions